This use case pertains to providing digital assets about current (real time) and historical data to an AR user in context for informed decision making. It can be a component of other use cases, including complex assembly, collaboration, guidance, inspection, maintenance and remote assistance.
Situational Awareness Use Case
Prior to AR AdoptionSituational awareness is defined as having one or more of the following characteristics:
- Involves a user receiving real time data and/or readings about the real world, usually on a continuous basis for the purpose of decision support. The raw data may be shared with other users or as information that is sent to the user after processing in artificial intelligence systems.
- The user gains the comprehension of their environment, possible connections between historical and current data, and the projection of their future status.
- Sources of live data can be sensors on places, machines or people and, although close proximity to the data source is more likely to be relevant for action, sensors can be at any distance from the user
Business Challenges AR Introduction AddressesThose in the field who benefit from situational awareness may need to use all their peripheral vision, be carrying materials, following instructions or be otherwise occupied. In these situations, users are unable to focus attention or hands away from their tasks to query an interface on a smart phone for data or place a call to a remote person who is receiving real time data on a console.
Use Case with ARUsing AR displays connected to networks and using interfaces designed for the purpose of visualizing live data streaming from connected machines, remote cameras or other sensors (eg. Seismometers, pressure gauges, gauges of water flow), the current data can be superimposed on the user’s view of the real world.
Sensors on a user’s AR device can also be the source of live data for remote managers or decision makers who are not on site but need data for decision making (sometimes called a “digital dashboard.” The remote decision maker can see and hear the on-site user’s circumstances and questions from the point of view of the on-site user.
The type of AR display for situational awareness depends on many factors:
- Need for use of both hands
- Room in the vicinity where the procedures are performed for another screen pointed directly at the work space
- Support for introducing new display devices (e.g., wearable AR, projection AR)
Common roles of UsersAnyone in the field/on-site who can benefit from having real time (live) data about machines, objects and sensors in proximity or at a distance
Business Benefits:The benefits of AR-enhanced situational awareness include providing a user with data that can be used immediately. By avoiding the need to go to another interface or another location to obtain the real time data (elimination of need to travel), AR reduces downtime and risk by increasing user knowledge. Also the user with live data about physical world status will be able to make decisions with less doubt and uncertainty, reducing stress and cognitive load.
- Computer Human Interfaces
- Computer Vision
- Internet of Things
- Wearables or handheld displays
- Contextually-Anchored Data Visualization
- Error Reduction
- Higher Flexibility of Employee Use
- Increased Human Performance
- Reduced Down Time
- Commercial Vehicles
- Emergency Response
- Food and Beverage
- Industrial Equipment
- Metals and Mining
- Oil and Gas
- Power and Energy
- Public Sector and Government
- Smart Cities